This is a New York Times article written by Clyde Haberman, published January 21, 2005 describes a Boston businessman's view of swearing in of presidents specifically the significance of 123 Lexington Avenue. A Forgotten Swearing - In, 123 Years Ago

For more articles on Chester Arthur.

From 1609 through 1814, Lake Champlain and Lake George, together were the scene of contests and conflicts the likes of which had seldom been seen in civilized lands. During the brief periods of peace, these pathways through the wilderness were utilized by settlers as the only routes through the mountain forests to their new homes. It was only after the great American Civil War that the lake became unimportant to military planners. When finally the waterways lost their strategic military value due to settlement and technological advances, the corridors became important avenues of commerce and recreation. (Millard, James P.)

For information on the many historic places on Lake Champlain and Lake George, see America's Historic Lakes:  The Lake Champlain and Lake George Historical Site.

For more articles on Hubbardton Battlefield

“Calvin Coolidge: Examining the Evidence.”  A Conference at the John F. Kennedy Library, July 30-31, 1998.   Speakers’ papers published in the New England Journal of History, Fall 1998. 

The Buffalo Travel Examiner spent part of this week touring a few places in Vermont, including the Vermont Teddy Bear Factory, the Vermont Wildflower Farm, the Hemmings Car Lovers’ Store and Vehicle Display, and the Bennington Battle Monument. Here’s a quick look at the Bennington Battle Monument.

For more articles on Bennington Monument.

The Historic Windsor Audio Walking Tour was a project funded in part by a Preserve America Grant administered by the National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior with matching funds provided by Historic Windsor, Inc. 

For more articles on Old Constitution House.

More Than Steel:  The Lake Champlain Bridge Story is a half hour documentary telling the story of the 1929 Lake Champlain Bridge between Chimney Point, Addison, Vermont, and Crown Point, New York. 

For more articles on Chimney Point.

A celebration of the 150th anniversary of the historic legislation of 1862 that created our unique land-grant universities speaks of Morrill creating a blueprint for America's first conference-wide infrastructure for higher education. A clip of The Morrill Act of 1862 and Land-Grant Universities, June 25, 2012 can be seen by viewing this C-SPAN video.

For more articles on Justin Morrill.

Enjoy six (6) miles of walking and hiking trails that wind past the Revolutionary War era remains of batteries, blockhouses, the general hospital, barracks, and soldier's huts. Site offer vistas of Lake Champlain and the countryside. Mount Independence State Historic Site Trails.

Fore more articles on Mount Independence.

Peter Gilbert, Executive Director of the Vermont Humanities Council, remarks about the 90th anniversary of Calvin Coolidge's 1923 "Homestead Inaugural":



The Calvin Coolidge Memorial Foundation (CCMF) has offices at Plymouth Notch. CCMF preserves the legacy of Calvin Coolidge and is the only membership organization devoted to the 30th U.S. President.  CCMF assists the President Calvin Coolidge State Historic Site with educational programs and special events.

For more organizations supporting the mission of Vermont’s State Historic Sites.

The Friends of the Morrill Homestead work with the Division for Historic Preservation on the interpretation of the Homestead and develop all programming and children activities at the State Historic Site.

For more organizations supporting the mission of Vermont’s State Historic Sites.

The Mount Independence Coalition located in Orwell Vermont is the official friends organization for the Mount Independence State Historic Site and has an interest in the Hubbardton Battlefield, as the two sites are closely linked. The Mount Independence Coalition sponsors many activities and events each year, and has an informative newsletter and website.

For more organizations supporting the mission of Vermont’s State Historic Sites.

The Crown Point Road Association preserves all materials, information, and historical traditions concerning the old Crown Point Military Road, built in 1759 across Vermont from Fort No. 4 across the Connecticut River in what is now Charlestown, New Hampshire, to several miles south of Chimney Point to connect across Lake Champlain with Crown Point, New York.  The Association's Mount Independence-Hubbardton Military Road section raises awareness of the September 1777 military road from Mount Independence to Hubbardton, Rutland, and beyond.

For more organizations supporting the mission of Vermont’s State Historic Sites.

The Vermont Historical Society is the only organization in Vermont that collects and interprets artifacts, books, and documents that reflect the entire history of the state. It holds the Coolidge Family papers, photographs and other Coolidge related material.

The Vermont Division for Historic Preservation is a member of the following chambers of commerce which actively promote the State Historic Sites, especially President Calvin Coolidge, Justin Morrill Homestead and Old Constitution House, Hubbardton Battlefield, Chimney Point, Mount Independence and the Bennington Battle Monument.

For more organizations supporting the mission of Vermont’s State Historic Sites.


On sale at Mount Independence Historic Site.

This is an engaging fictional story of young Josiah Freeman during the time of the American withdrawal from Mount Independence in July 1777 and the Battle of Hubbardton. (Ovecka, Janice., New England Press, 1994.)

For more books on Mount Independence.

On sale at the Chester Arthur Historic Site:

High school history books tell you Chester "Chet" Arthur was a "dandy", a machine politician and an accidental president, but little more. This highly readable, very informative and interesting biography adds much historical flesh to the bare-bones treatment Arthur gets in text books. A man who is all but a caricature to generations of students is made fully human, with all the positives and negatives that entails. And while chronicling the president's life the author also chronicles a fascinating era in American political history, the day when the party bosses ruled and presidential candidates were chosen in smoke-filled rooms and not in state primaries; primaries may be more democratic, but they sure are a lot less interesting to read about. If you enjoy presidential history, add this book to your library. (Reeves, Thomas)

For more books on Chester Arthur.

On sale at the Justin Morrill Historic Site.
Justin Smith Morrill: Almost every land-grant college or university in the United States has a building named for him; but are his contributions truly recognized and understood? Here is the first biography on this renowned statesman in six decades. Representative and then senator from Vermont, Morrill began his tenure in Congress in 1855 and served continuously for forty-three years. His thirty- one years in the upper chamber alone earned him the title "Father of the Senate." Coy F. Cross reveals a complex and influential political figure who, as chair of the House Ways and Means Committee, and then the Senate Finance Committee, influenced American economic policy for nearly fifty years. (Cross, Coy F.) 

For more books on Justin Morrill.

On sale at the Hubbardton Battlefield Historic Site

Book,SaratogaThis book tells the gripping story of the Northern Campaign of the American Revolution, with voices from the American and British sides. The book includes the important role of Mount Independence, and battles of Hubbardton and Bennington. The American Revolution is the most significant event in the nation's past, and the British surrender at Saratoga was the turning point of that struggle. In the summer of 1777 - two years after Lexington, Concord, and Bunker Hill, twelve months after the brave Declaration of Independence - the British launched an invasion from Canada under General John Burgoyne. It was the campaign that was supposed to end the rebellion, but it resulted instead in a series of battles that changed America's history and that of the world. (Ketchum, Richard M., Henry Holt and Company, 1997.)

For more books on Hubbardton Battlefield.

On sale at the Chimney Point Historic Site.

A historic fiction book for youth about the summer of 1777, after the Battle of Bennington, and an Abenaki and an American boy. (Bruchac, Joseph)

Writen for ages 7 - 10.

For more books geared toward kids.

On sale at the Bennington Monument:

On August 16, 1777, a motley militia won a resounding victory near Bennington, Vermont, against combined German, British and Loyalist forces. This laid the foundation for the American victory at Saratoga two months later. Historian Michael P. Gabriel has collected over fifty firsthand accounts from the people who experienced this engagement, including veterans from both sides and civilians—women and children who witnessed the horrors of the battle. Gabriel also details a virtually unknown skirmish between Americans and Loyalists. These accounts, along with Gabriel’s overviews of the battle, bring to life the terror, fear and uncertainty that caused thousands to flee the British army as loved ones departed to fight for the fledgling United States. (Michael P. Gabriel)  Find more books on Bennington Monument.

On sale at the Calvin Coolidge Historic Site:

The Provincial traces Calvin Coolidge's life from his thirteenth birthday until his graduation from Amherst College ten years later. It is a story of a shy young man from the country who gradually acquires an education and goes on to higher and higher levels of learning, but in Coolidge's case that progress was very much against his will. He grew up in the remote farming hamlet of Plymouth Notch, Vermont, eleven miles from the nearest railroad; his stern, thrifty father made money selling insurance and maple sugar, holding local offices, and renting property. Coolidge looked forward to someday keeping the general store his father owned, only a hundred feet from his house, and passing his life in this isolated, close-knit community, among people he knew and liked. This book shows how his intelligence, his love of reading, and his father's ambitions for him pushed him unwillingly farther and farther away. (Booraem, Hendrick) For more books on Calvin Coolidge.

Available at the Vermont Historical Society and/or many town libraries and local historical societies.

A good resource about Vermont's history. A large, lavishly illustrated history of Vermont from the Ice Age through the 20th century. Capsule histories of current VT corporations. Illustrated with photos and reproductions from various collections. Duffy was a Vermont State College professor. (Duffy, John., Northridge, California: Windsor Publications Inc., 19

For more books on Old Constitution.

On sale at the Chimney Point Historic Site:

Voyages of Discovery Book CoverThe most recent history of the Chimney Point area from Native American habitation through the French and Indian War period. This publication presents the results of the 2007-2009 study Chimney Point and the Vermont Division for Historic Preservation did in this area, in partnership with the Bixby Memorial Library in Vergennes, Vermont, and Vermont Public Television. ( Vermont Division for Historic Preservation, 2009.) 

For more books on Chimney Point.